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2018/12/11

12月10日「人権デー」オードレ・アズレ ユネスコ事務局長からのメッセージ

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12月10日「人権デー」オードレ・アズレ ユネスコ事務局長からのメッセージ

Message from Ms Audrey Azoulay, Director-General of UNESCO, on theoccasion of Human Rights Day, 10December 2018

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights embodies thedeep yearning of humanity for freedom, justice and dignity. It is not theproduct of a single culture or tradition but a common foundation for allindividuals to lead fulfilled lives, and for all peoples and all nations tolive in peace. This year, we celebrate 70 years since the world’s nations cametogether to define this comprehensive set of inherent, inalienable anduniversal human rights.

Many of these rights underpin the promise of UNESCO’sconstitution for “full and equal opportunities of education for all, in theunrestricted pursuit of objective knowledge and the free exchange of ideas”.Through education, the sciences, communication and culture, our mission is topromote peace and humanist values in the minds of men and women. This missionis as important now as when the Universal Declaration of Human Rights wasendorsed by the international community, as the world rebuilt itself from therubble and trauma of two devastating world wars.

Our work is expanding the right to educationalopportunities to those who have been left behind, particularly women and girls.We defend the right to freedom of expression, denouncing attacks on journalistsand confronting messages of hatred. All people should enjoy the benefits ofscientific progress and its application. The right to water and sanitation, anda clean Ocean that protects livelihoods are of vital importance to human rightsand are among our major priorities. UNESCO also protects and promotesfundamental cultural diversity, our shared heritage and contemporary forms ofexpression, which are the ultimate manifestations of our common humanity.

Unfortunately, once again in our time, human rights areunder threat. Across the world, we see how easily they can be swept aside bydehumanising stereotypes and the rise of intolerant discourse. Conflict,violent extremism and natural disasters can cause chaos, undermining the rightsof the most vulnerable in society. Emerging technologies, particularlyartificial intelligence, also must be developed with full respect for humanrights. We must remain ever vigilant that the progress made in the past 70years is maintained, and UNESCO will continue to play its role being theleading international laboratory of ideas to tackle these challenges.

Eleanor Roosevelt, one of the lead authors of theUniversal Declaration of Human Rights, once said “you have not only the rightto be an individual; you have an obligation to be one. You cannot make anyuseful contribution in life unless you do this”. On this important anniversary,let us each use this right.


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