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2018/06/08

「世界海洋デー」オードレ・アズレ ユネスコ事務局長からのメッセージ

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68日「世界海洋デー」を迎えて、オードレ・アズレ ユネスコ事務局長からのメッセージ

 

 68日は「世界海洋デー」です。地球上の7割の面積を覆う海の環境や、そこに暮らす生物を守るために国連で定められました。2015年には、持続可能な開発目標(SDGs)に目標14「海の豊かさを守ろう」が盛り込まれ、海の環境と海洋資源の確保は、世界が取り組む共通の課題となりました。また、ユネスコは今年から始まった「国連海洋の10年」を主導し、その取組を中心となって推進しています。

 国内のユネスコスクールにおいても海洋教育に取り組んでいる学校が多数あります。私たちを取り巻く海について改めて考えてみませんか?

 

*日本ユネスコ国内委員会広報大使のさかなクンも「世界海洋デー」関連イベントで講演されます。

  http://www.unic.or.jp/news_press/info/28656/

 

 

【オードレ・アズレ ユネスコ事務局長からのメッセージ】

Message from Ms Audrey Azoulay, Director-General of UNESCO, on the occasion of World Oceans Day, Clean Our Ocean, 8June 2018

The ocean is home to the majority of speciesliving on our planet. It provides more than 60% of “ecosystem services” thatallow us to live, starting with the production of most of our oxygen, andclimate regulation: in the last half century, the ocean has absorbed 93% of theexcess heat linked to the increase in the greenhouse effect.

The ocean is a prerequisite for thepossibility of life on Earth. It is endangered, however, by theoverexploitation of resources, pollution and increasing CO2absorption. Global warming, acidification, dead zones, harmful algal blooms andecosystem degradation are phenomena that reflect the impact of human activitieson the ocean.

This year, the discovery in the Gulf of Omanof a new “dead zone” which is larger than Scotland and still growing, highlightedthe phenomenon that occurs when marine life becomes asphyxiated in ocean areaswith drastically low levels of oxygen. This plight comes on top of overfishingand pollution, particularly that caused by plastic waste, which is dumped intothe ocean at the rate of one lorry load per minute, entering our food web. Thishas major implications for food security. Part of this waste is concentrated inocean areas called gyres, caused by circulating ocean currents.

There are, nonetheless, solutions to combatsuch disasters. In places where destruction has ceased, life has returned. Themarine environment can demonstrate resilience if we allow it to recover fromanthropogenic stresses through good management of its ecosystems.


With the aim of encouraging internationalscientific collaboration to address such challenges, on 5 December 2017, theUnited Nations General Assembly proclaimed the Decade of Ocean Science forSustainable Development (2021-2030). The UNESCO Intergovernmental OceanographicCommission (IOC) has been mandated to coordinate its preparation andimplementation.

In line with the 2030 Agenda and itsSustainable Development Goal on the conservation and sustainable use of theocean, this Decade will be a unique opportunity to mobilize all stakeholdersaround a common agenda of research and technological innovation to gain abetter understanding of the factors affecting this resource, theirconsequences, and to provide the best responses.

This goal requires up to the markinvestment. According to the Global Ocean Science Report published in2017, it currently represents only 4.5% of the public funding allocated tonatural sciences at the global level. We cannot sit back and allow thissituation to continue.

No country alone is capable of measuringchanges in the ocean, nor of cleaning and protecting it. Through internationalcooperation, technology transfer and knowledge sharing, we can succeed indeveloping environmentally friendly policies that promote sustainable growthbased on the ocean.

On this World Oceans Day, UNESCO invitesMember States, the scientific community, civil society and the private sectorto join forces, following the maxim of the Japanese writer Ryūnosuke Akutagawa:“Individually, we are one drop. Together, we are an ocean.”


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